Gramatyczne objaśnienia

Okresy warunkowe - typ III

Use

Trzeciego okresu warunkowego używamy, gdy wyobrażamy sobie konsekwencje czegoś, co nie spełniło się w przeszłości.

Form

  'If' -clause: past perfect main clause: 'would have /should have'
be: If I had been taller,

I would have become a policeman.

have: If he had had any money, he would have left home.
past perfect: If we had gone by car, we would have saved time.
past perfect progressive: If I had been trying harder, I would have succeeded.
could have; If I could have stopped, there wouldn't have been an accident.

Variation 1: 'If' + past perfect + modal

'If' -clause: past perfect tense main clause: modal
If he had known the facts, he could have told us what to do.
If he could have got the facts, he might have told us what to do.
If he had been here yesterday, he could have told us. ability
If he had been here yesterday, he might have told us. possibility
If he had received a present, he should have thanked her. duty