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A - Comparison with -er/-est

clean - cleaner - the cleanest

We use -er/-est with the following adjectives:

1. Adjectives with one syllable
    adjective
  • clean
  • cold
  • cool
  • great
  • hard
  • high
  • low
  • neat
  • new
  • short
  • small
  • thick
  • weak
    comparative
  • cleaner
  • colder
  • cooler
  • greater
  • harder
  • higher
  • lower
  • neater
  • newer
  • shorter
  • smaller
  • thicker
  • weaker
    superlative
  • cleanest
  • coldest
  • coolest
  • greatest
  • hardest
  • highest
  • lowest
  • neatest
  • newest
  • shortest
  • smallest
  • thickest
  • weakest
2. Adjectives with two syllables and the following endings:

2.1 Adjectives with two syllables, ending in -y

    adjective
  • dirty
  • easy
  • happy
  • pretty
    comparative
  • dirtier
  • easier
  • happier
  • prettier
    superlative
  • dirtiest
  • easiest
  • happiest
  • prettiest

2.2 Adjectives with two syllables, ending in -er

    adjective
  • clever
    comparative
  • cleverer
    superlative
  • cleverest

2.3 Adjectives with two syllables, ending in -le

    adjective
  • simple
    comparative
  • simpler
    superlative
  • simplest

2.4 Adjectives with two syllables, ending in -ow

    adjective
  • narrow
    comparative
  • narrower
    superlative
  • narrowest

Spelling of the adjectives using the endings -er/-est

    adjective
  • large
  • big
  • fat
  • sad
  • thin
  • wet
  • tidy
  • busy
  • dirty
  • dry
  • early
  • easy
  • empty
  • funny
  • heavy
  • ready
  • shy
  • gay
  • grey
  • fey
    comparative
  • larger
  • bigger
  • fatter
  • sadder
  • thinner
  • wetter
  • tidier
  • busier
  • dirtier
  • drier
  • earlier
  • easier
  • emptier
  • funnier
  • heavier
  • readier
  • shyer
  • gayer
  • greyer
  • feyer
    superlative
  • largest
  • biggest
  • fattest
  • saddest
  • thinnest
  • wettest
  • tidiest
  • busiest
  • dirtiest
  • driest
  • earliest
  • easiest
  • emptiest
  • funniest
  • heaviest
  • readiest
  • shyest
  • gayest
  • greyest
  • feyest
    rule
  • one-syllable adjective ending in -e
  • double the consonant when it is after a single vowel-letter
  • change -y to -i
    (consonant before -y)
  • these are exceptions!

B - Comparison with 'more' - 'most'

difficult - most difficult - (the) most difficult


C - Irregular adjectives

    adjective
  • good
  • bad
  • much
  • many
  • little
  • little
    comparative
  • better
  • worse
  • more
  • more
  • less
  • smaller
    superlative
  • best
  • worst
  • most
  • most
  • least
  • smallest

D - Special adjectives

    adjective
  • common
    comparative
  • commoner / more common
    superlative
  • commonest / most common
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